Water resource dynamics

Co-PI Responsible: Muhammad Ali
Assistant Professor, National Centre of Excellence in Geology, University of Peshawar. Among the natural resources, water is most important for life and, being the main water source, surface and groundwater management needs special attention. Conventional approaches adopted to suggest management strategies, spatio-temporal variations/distribution and identifying factors (natural and anthropogenic) affecting surface and groundwater resources have failed to provide sustainable solutions, therefore, professional approaches based on the state of the art new methods/data for management and conservation of water resources is urgently needed and required. GIS and Remote Sensing have become essential tools for studies, where water resources applications require spatio-temporal real-time data.
Proposed Specific Objectives
The specific objectives for the Water Resource Dynamics section of the G-SAG lab.

  1. To evaluate the influence of various components of the hydrological cycle on water resources dynamics.
  2. Improved hydrological modeling for mapping evapotranspiration (ET), soil moisture and changing rainfall trends.
  3. Spatio-temporal variation and distribution of vegetation as a controlling factor for water resources dynamics
  4. Validation of solely remotely sensed water balance studies for evaluating the ground and surface water dynamics.
  5. Geomorphological and surface/sub-surface geological control for mapping groundwater recharge potential by integration in-situ and space-based satellite data.
  6. Assessment of hydrological extremes (floods and droughts) for surface and groundwater resources dynamics.
  7. Evaluating the effects of rapid urbanization and consequent soil sealing practices over ground and surface water resources.